UN Resolution 1738
CoE Resolution 1535
Killing The Messenger
- INSI Global Inquiry - Report and Recommendations
Live News Africa
- A Survival Guide for Journalists
Translations of key INSI information are available below in PDF format.
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Journalists & Media Staff Casualties 2008
Mass Casualties : A Young Medic's real life story of Death, Deception and Dishonor in Iraq, Michael Anthony, 2009, ISBN 9781440501838 This is one person's chronicle of a year in Iraq as a regiment medic. It's not a nice picture.
The infirmary is set up in, allegedly safe, northerly Iraq. It has three operating rooms, so if a substantial number of injured are brought in at the very same time, extremely upsetting calls would be made about who lives and who dies.
Staff Sergeant Gagney, the instant administrator of the doctors, is one of those individuals who appears to believe that leadership involves plenty of screaming. He pains for hours over the work plan, and comes up with a revolving schedule for everybody ; first shift one day, then 2nd shift the day after, then 3rd shift the day after, for example. Naturally, this completely interrupts everybody's sleep patterns, so that, after a week or two, everybody comes to work looking like the walking dead. After a month, a female staff sergeant, Hudge, is given the responsibility of making a new schedule. In a half hour, she makes up a rather more sane schedule that gives everybody the same shift every day. Later on when Hudge goes to Gagney to express her fears about the way in which the unit is run, she's loudly charged with being the one with the emotional problem. When she visits the unit's Clergyman and psychological well-being Officer, Gagney had gotten to them first and told them about her apparently unsound psychological state. Another member of the unit attempts suicide. Rather than being sent home, or alternatively getting the help he wants he's allotted additional obligations, and fundamentally told to suck it up. Another Sergeant shocks the unit by pronouncing that he's taking an emergency leave because his child has tried suicide. Word filters back to the unit that he was seen in a local bar, back home, getting extremely friendly with 2 prostitutes.
A Sea is brought in with a damaged jaw, so he's in lots of discomfort. The doctor on duty would prefer to attend a unit-wide awards rite than attend to the Sea . The writer isn't the only 1 in the unit who learns the value of Ambien and NyQuil ( drunk by the bottle ) for nights when sleep is very unlikely.
Did I forget to say the frequent shellings that send everybody running to the closest bunker? To call this a "wonderful" piece of writing could be the incorrect word, as it gives many examples of human stupidity in a war section, nonetheless it truly is that good. By every means, read the "official" stories of American army staff in Iraq, the read this to get the "real" story.
15 January - Bangladesh - Manik Shaha
Manik Shaha, a correspondent for the daily "New Age" and a stringer for the Bengali service of the BBC World Service, was killed when a home-made bomb was thrown at him in Khulna, southwestern Bangladesh.
27 January - Iraq - Yasser Khatab
27 January - Iraq - Duraid Isa Mohammed
CNN translator and producer Duraid Isa Mohammed and driver Yasser Khatab were ambushed and died of multiple gunshot wounds as they were returning to Baghdad in a two-car convoy from an assignment in the southern city of Hillah.
29 January - Pakistan - Sajid Tanoli
The murder of journalist Sajid Tanoli by a mayor in Pakistan's North-West Frontier Province over a report about alcohol trafficking. Tanoli, aged 34, a reporter for the Urdu-language daily "Shumaal" ("North"), was killed by Khalid Javed, a lawyer and Nazim (mayor) of Mansehra, in the North-West Frontier Province, 150 kilometres northwest of Islamabad. Javed shot Tanoli five times in broad daylight on one of the city's streets.
1 February - Iraq
Nine journalists (named below): On 1st February, the first day of Eid aldaha, two suicide bombers blew up almost simultaneously at the party offices of KDP & PUK in Arbil, killing nine journalists.
Kamaran Mohamed Omar
Ayoub Mohamed Salih
Shawkat Shekh Yazden-Aras
4 February - Colombia - Oscar Alberto Polanco Herrera
Journalist Oscar Alberto Polanco Herrera was assassinated in the city of Cartago, Valle department, western Colombia. The former director and host of the CNC news programme in Cartago was shot by a hired killer as he was leaving the Cartago local television station at around noon (local time). His assailant fled on a motorcycle that was being driven by another individual.
7 February - Colombia - Martin la Rotta Duarte
asesinado Martin la Rotta Duarte, gerente y propietario de la emisora La Palma Estéreo, ubicada en el municipio de San Alberto (Cesar), norte de Colombia. La Rotta, de 51 años, se encontraba durmiendo en su casa al mediodía cuando le propinaron una puñalada en el pecho. Minutos más tarde unos amigos le auxiliaron, fue llevado a la clínica de San Alberto y remitido a la clínica de Aguachica. Murió en el camino.
7 February - Nepal - Padma Raj Devkota
Security forces killed journalist Padma Raj Devkota in the remote western district of Jumla. Devkota had been working as editor-in-chief of "Burichula" newspaper. "Bhurichula" is published twice monthly, occasionally from the district where Devkota was killed. According to the daily "Samacharpatra", the journalist was killed during routine security operations in the area. Devkota also worked as a local correspondent for "Nepal Today" magazine and "Karnali Sandes" which are published in Kathmandu. The security forces claim that Devkota was killed along with six Communist Part of Nepal (CPN-Maoist) rebels.
10 February - Nicaragua - Carlos Guadamuz
Guadamuz was shot five times at midday on February 10 as he was driving to Channel 23 station in Managua where he hosted a daily program. Although the motive is unknown, William Hurtado García was arrested and identified by station employees as the person who fired at the journalist.
10 February - Philippines - Ruel Endrinal
Ruel Endrinal was shot by two unidentified men at around 6:20 a.m. (local time), according to Jess Magayanes, a colleague from radio station DZRC-AM.
14 February - Peru - Antonio de la Torre Echeandía
Antonio de la Torre Echeandía, a 43-year-old journalist for Radio Orbita in the city of Yungay, Ancash region, was assassinated while on his way home after attending a party. According to information obtained by IPYS, de la Torre Echeandía was stabbed by two individuals who intercepted him in the Pampac neighbourhood. Although mortally wounded, de la Torre Echeandía was able to return to the location where the party had taken place. The police and the journalist's family, who were immediately notified, took the journalist to hospital but he died in transmit. Before dying, he identified one of his attackers as an individual who is known by the alias "El Negro".
18 February - Iran - Kazim Akhbari
A train derailed as a result of a collision with another freight car caught fire, setting off explosions. The freight train cars hauling sulphur, fuel, oil and other industrial chemicals blew up outside the city of Neyshabur. The train cars, moving without an engine or anyone in control, overturned when they reached the Khayyam station. The cars were loaded with petrol, sulphur, fertilizers, cotton. A journalist of the IRNA news agency, who arrived on the crash site after the two trains collided, was among the victims of the tragedy.
22 February - India - V. Yadagiri
A journalist working for Andhra Prabha Telugu daily was stabbed to death by three persons in neighbouring Medak district in the early hours of Sunday. The Medak DSP. T. Laxminarasaiah, told The Hindu that the victim, V. Yadagiri, 35, working as reporter for Andhra Prabha daily in Medak town, was threatened by an excise contractor some time ago following a report about sale of adulterated toddy in Tekmal mandal. Local people intervened and reportedly settled the issue between the journalist and the contractors. A case was registered with the police earlier by the victim in connection with threats made.
22 February - Philippines - Isabelo Maghuyo
Isabelo Maghuyo, 38, of Pedro District in Pagadian, was on his way to radio station dxID when he was shot around 6:30 a.m. by an unidentified man. According to reports reaching the National Police general headquarters in Camp Crame, the single bullet that hit him the chest caused his instant death. The gunman fled immediately after he shot Maghuyo. Authorities said the motive of the killing and the identity of the killer are still being determined.
1 March - Palestine - Khalil al-Zabin
Assassinated by unknown gunmen in Gaza, Khalil al-Zaben was a prominent journalist and media advisor to Yasser Arafat.
5 March - Iraq - Selwan Abdelghani Medhi al-Niemi
An Iraqi translator who worked for the Voice of America [VOA], and two members of his family, were shot and killed in Baghdad by unknown assailants. The translator, Selwan Abdelghani Medhi al-Niemi, was attacked in Baghdad on Friday night as he was returning home in his car. His mother and daughter, who were travelling in the car with him, were also killed. A VOA spokesman said: "The case is under investigation. We have no explanation, we don't know why he was killed."
7 March - Haiti - Ricardo Ortega
Spanish television journalist Ricardo Ortega was killed and American news photographer Michael Laughlin was injured in Port-au-Prince after shooting broke out as demonstrators were dispersing. At least six people were killed and about 30 were injured. Witnesses said the shots were fired by pro-Aristide gunmen known as chimères. The demonstrators had been calling for Aristide followers to be brought to trial. Ortega did not die at the scene. After being shot, he took refuge in a nearby house with Laughlin, a photographer with the South Florida (United States) daily "Sun-Sentinel", who had also just been injured by gunshots. Laughlin said Ortega continued to film footage with his video camera after being shot. The two journalists were taken to the Canapé Vert hospital in Port-au-Prince, where Ortega died from his bullet injuries, one to the chest and another to the abdomen. Laughlin, who was hit in the shoulder and face, was to be evacuated to a Florida hospital.
18 March - Iraq - Nadia Nasrat
18 March - Iraq - Majid Rachid
18 March - Iraq - Mohamad Ahmad
Attack by armed men on a minibus carrying staff of a coalition forces-funded television station. One journalist and two staff members were killed in the attack, which took place in Baquba, 60 kilometres north of Baghdad. At least eight other staff members were injured. The minibus was transporting employees of the local station Diyala TV.
18 March - Iraq - Ali Abdelaziz
Iraqi cameraman for Al-Arabiya satellite news channel was killed and a correspondent, also Iraqi, was seriously wounded by US fire in Baghdad, officials from the Dubai-based station told AFP. Al-Arabiya news editor Salah Najm told AFP the channel would ask US authorities to investigate the incident. "The car in which they were driving was clearly marked 'TV'. We will demand an investigation into the incident," Najm said. Al-Arabiya reporter Hadeer al-Rubaie said cameraman Ali Abdul Aziz was shot dead an correspondent Ali al-Khatib was critically injured when a team from the channel went to cover an attack on the Burj al-Hayat hotel and US forces who cordoned off the area opened fire. U.S. troops shot dead an Iraqi journalist working for Dubai-based satellite television channel Al Arabiya and critically wounded another in central Baghdad on Thursday, the station and colleagues said.
Arabiya employees said the Iraqis were driving in central Baghdad when another car drove through a U.S. checkpoint. They said U.S. troops then opened fire on both cars.
"I stopped in front of the checkpoint and then I saw another car coming fast towards it and I thought it was going to explode," said Ahmed Abdul Amiya, driver of the Al Arabiya car. "I tried to race away...and then the Americans started firing at random. They hit the first car and then they started shooting at our car."
19 March - Iraq - Ali al-Khatib
Ali al-Khatib died from his injuries in hospital in Baghdad. The station's cameraman Ali Abdelaziz died the previous day from a gunshot wound to the head after U.S. troops opened fire on their car at a checkpoint.
19 March - Mexico - Roberto Javier Mora Garcia
The editor of the newspaper El Mañana was assassinated outside his home, the newspaper and other sources reported. Roberto Javier Mora García was stabbed to death early Friday (March 19) as he arrived at his home, the newspaper reported. Witnesses provided contradictory information, including reports of gunfire in the neighborhood, the newspaper said.
The newspaper said it had sought the intervention of the Attorney General's Office in investigating the case.
22 March - Palestine - Mohammed Abu Halima
Palestinian journalist shot dead by Israeli troops in a refugee camp on the outskirts of the West Bank town of Nablus today while covering protests against the killing of Hamas spiritual leader Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, medical sources said.
Mohammed Abu Halima, 22, was hit in the stomach after troops opened fire in the Balata refugee camp. He was taken to hospital in Nablus where he died of his injuries. He had been working for al-Najah radio station, based in the northern West Bank city's university.
Israeli military said soldiers returned fire after shots were fired at them during the protest and stressed the victim was also a member of the Palestinian radical Islamic movement Hamas.
26 March - Iraq - Burhan Mohammed Mazhour
Burhan Mohammed Mazhour, an Iraqi citizen born in 1969, had been working for ABCNEWS as a freelance cameraman for almost two months. He died of gunshot wounds sustained during heavy firefighting in Fallujah. It was unclear who killed him.
26 March - Iraq - Omar Kamal
An Iraqi translator working for the U.S.-based newsweekly Time died after sustaining multiple gunshot wounds in Baghdad two days earlier.
Omar Kamal, who also worked as a fixer for the magazine, was shot and critically wounded driving his car on route to an assignment, said Time news director Howard Chua-Eoan. The circumstances of the shooting were unclear, but a number of Iraqis working for Time have received threats from a variety of sources.
19 April - Iraq - Asaad Kadhim
19 April - Iraq - Hussein Saleh
Al-Iraqiya TV Correspondent Asaad Kadhim and driver Hussein Saleh were killed. Cameraman Bassem Kamel was wounded "after American forces opened fire on them while they were performing their duty," the station announced.
The U.S. military had no immediate comment. Thamir Ibrahim, an Al-Iraqiya editor, told The Associated Press he had no details on how the shooting occurred. But "it was on the road leading to the city of Samara. Before they reached it, they were fired upon."
20 April - Brazil - Samuel Roman
Samuel Roman was murdered in Coronel Sapucaia, a Brazilian town on the border with Paraguay.
Roman, 37, was shot dead by two men on 20 April in front of his home on an avenue between twin towns Coronel Sapucaia (Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil) and Capitán Bado (Paraguay). Brazilian police who are heading the investigation said they believe four men, riding motor bikes, were involved in the killing.
Two men fired several shots at him as two accomplices waited on the Paraguayan side of the road. The four then fled to Paraguay. Roman apparently tried to flee but was hit in the back by 11 bullets. He was dead on arrival at the local medical centre.
20 April - India - Kumar Bharti
Kumar Bharti, a journalist with Hindi-language newspaper Amar Ujala, was killed and 6 others wounded when their car triggered a landmine in Jammu and Kashmir, where they were monitoring Lok Sabha elections.
20 April - India - Asiya Jeelani
In Kashmir, a woman journalist and human rights activist, Asiya Jeelani, 30, was killed with her taxi driver when their car hit a landmine, police said. Muslim rebels in disputed Kashmir, Maoists in the lawless east and tribal separatists in the northeast hills attacked poll stations, staged landmine blasts and fought gunbattles amid the first of five phases of India's election.
21 April - Peru - Alberto Rivera Fernandez
Alberto Rivera Fernández, a journalist, former member of parliament and president of the Ucayali Journalists' Federation, was assassinated on 21 April 2004, at approximately 1:30 p.m. (local time), in the city of Pucallpa, eastern Peru.
According to information gathered from local correspondents, the journalist was working in his office, which is housed within a glass store run by his family, when two unidentified individuals reportedly burst in and shot him twice in the chest.
Rivera Fernández was the host of the programme "Transparencia", broadcast daily on the Frecuencia Oriental radio station. He is survived by his wife and two sons.
The journalist worked closely with Congressman Víctor Valdez and was known for his strong opposition to local and regional authorities because of profits they made from the sale of land occupied by squatters in Pucallpa.
In a 21 April statement on Radio Programas del Perú network, Congressman Valdez accused Ucayali Regional President Edwin Vásquez López and the provincial mayor of Coronel Portillo, Pucallpa, Luis Valdez Villacorta, of being behind the murder. These allegations have not been confirmed to date.
24 April - India - Naveen Kumar Verma
Outlawed Maoist guerillas killed a journalist in Bihar after abducting him.
Police officials said Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) guerillas killed Naveen Kumar Verma in Gaya district Saturday.
He was working for the Patna edition of Hindi daily Dainik Jagran. This was the first ever killing of a journalist by Maoists in the state that has become a hotbed of extremist violence.
The MCC guerillas abducted Verma from his house in Nima village and took him to a nearby field where he was shot dead. His body has been sent to a government hospital in Gaya for postmortem.
24 April - Brazil - José Carlos Araújo
Two unidentified gunmen ambushed and shot Araújo at around 7:30 p.m. outside his home in Timbaúba, according to local news reports. None of the journalist's belongings were stolen.
The 37-year old Araújo hosted the call-in talk show "José Carlos Entrevista" (José Carlos Interviewing) at Rádio Timbaúba FM. Citing police sources, the Recife-based daily Diário de Pernambuco said that Araújo had made several enemies in Timbaúba after denouncing the existence of death squads run by criminal gangs and the involvement of well-known local figures in murders in the region.
7 May - Iraq - Waldemar Milewicz
7 May - Iraq - Mounyr Beouamrane
A Polish and an Algerian journalist, both working for Poland's TVP television, were shot dead by gunmen south of Baghdad, their Iraqi companion said. A Polish cameraman was also wounded in the attack in Latafiya, 30km from Baghdad, Assir Kamel al-Kazzaz said.
The four were driving when gunmen pulled up behind and raked their vehicle with gunfire, Kazzaz said, killing the Polish journalist and bringing the car to a halt. The gunmen then turned round and came back to fire again, killing the Algerian and wounding the cameraman, he said. An AFP photographer saw the two bodies on the roadside, in an area around Mahmudiya, Iskandiriya and Latifiya where insurgents have carried out a series of deadly ambushes since killing seven Spanish intelligence agents there last November.
8 May - India - Raju Soni
A TV cameraman was killed and a senior journalist was seriously injured in a road accident near Katlal town of Khera district in Gujarat early today, police sources said.
The cameraman Raju Soni was killed on the spot while Dhiman Purohit, Gujarat bureau chief of Aaj Tak, suffered multiple injuries when their car collided head-on with a truck.
The scribes were returning from neighbouring Madhya Pradesh after election coverage.
8 May - Russia - Adlan Khasanov
Reuters journalist Adlan Khasanov was among at least 14 people killed in a bomb attack on Victory Day celebrations in the Chechen capital Grozny Sunday, a member of his family said. He had been covering the annual event that commemorates Moscow's victory over Nazi Germany in 1945. There were no other immediate details.
20 May - Iraq - Hamid Rashid Wali
An Iraqi technician from al-Jazeera television Hamid Rashid Wali was shot dead on the night of 20 May in Kerbala, during clashes between the US Army and Shiite militia of Moqtada al-Sadr, the channel said in Baghdad.
24 May - Romania - Elena Popescu
24 May - Romania - Ionut Barbu
18 people, including two journalists, both working for Antena 1 TV, died in the accident which occurred on Monday, May 24, 5 A.M. in Mihailesti village, Buzau County. A truck carrying ammonium nitrate turned over on the road crossing Mihailesti village. The firemen came to the scene of the incident to put out the burning truck, but a second explosion blew up the vehicle and caused the death of 18 people and injured another 11.
27 May - Nepal - Kanyaras Gurung
Kanyaras Gurung, the driver of a media vehicle, was killed and two others were injured when they drove over alandmine planted by Communist Party of Nepal (CPN-Maoist) rebels in Tanahun district. The vehicle was carrying newspapers for the daily "Annapurna Post" from Kathmandu to Pokhara on the second day of a general strike called by rebels in the Gandak region.
27 May - Iraq - Shinsuke Hashida
27 May - Iraq - Kotaro Ogawa
27 May - Iraq - Mohamed Najmedin
A vehicle carrying two Japanese freelance journalists and their driver and interpreter, both Iraqis, was attacked near Baghdad and the Japanese are feared to have been killed.
28 May - Montenegro - Dusko Jovanovic
The director and editor-in-chief of the Podgorica-based [opposition] daily Dan, Dusko Jovanovic, died in the Montenegrin Clinical Centre this morning of wounds he had sustained when an unknown perpetrator had opened fire on him in front of the Dan offices in 13 Juli Street [in Podgorica] around midnight [2200 gmt]. The unknown person opened fire on Jovanovic from a passing car immediately after he had entered his car. Jovanovic received several fatal wounds. He was operated on in the Montenegrin Clinical Centre, but died after a few hours.
28 May - Iraq - Mahmoud Ismael Daood
28 May - Iraq - Samia Abdeljabar
On 29 May, bodyguard, Mahmoud Ismael Daood and his driver, Samia Abdeljabar, were found dead after they were kidnapped a day earlier. The men worked for two journalists, Ismael Zayer, editor-in-chief of the Baghdad independent Arabic-language al-Sabah al-Jedid newspaper, and his wife Anneke van Ammelroy, who writes for the Dutch weekly De Groene Amsterdammer. Their abduction took place after a failed attempt to kidnap Zayer and his wife.
31 May - Sri Lanka - G. Nadesan
A Tamil journalist was killed by unidentified gunmen near Batticaloa in eastern Sri Lanka. G. Nadesan, a freelance ethnic-Tamil journalist who used to file reports for Veerakesari Tamil daily, was shot when he was going to a temple in Batticaloa, 303 km east of here, officials said.
3 June - Iraq - Sahar Saad Eddin Nuami
Nuami was editor-in-chief of "Al-Mizan", "Al-Khaima" and "Al-Hayat al-Gadida" and was close to a moderate pan-Arab political group. He was killed instantly when a grenade was thrown at his car by unknown assailants in Kirkuk.
6 June - Saudi Arabia - Simon Cumbers
BBC cameraman Simon Cumbers has been killed and security correspondent Frank Gardner seriously injured in a gun attack in the Saudi capital, Riyadh.
The two men travelled to Saudi Arabia last week following terror attacks in the city of Khobar and were in the al-Suwaydi suburb of Riyadh with a Saudi government minder when the attack happened. They were filming the house of an al-Qaeda militant killed last year when they came under fire.
8 June - USA - Matt Moore
A television journalist covering a gas well explosion was apparently electrocuted Tuesday when his station's van came in contact with high voltage wiring, the station said. Matt Moore, an employee of KBTX in Bryan-College Station, was setting up for a live shot in Hearne when he was killed.
The explosion he was covering in nearby Franklin, about 100 miles northeast of Austin, injured eight people, but the well was capped quickly and the fire extinguished, officials said. Moore, 23, started working for the station in September.
All eight victims of the explosion were hospitalized, with their conditions ranging from fair to critical, according to Angela Clendenin, a spokeswoman for St. Joseph Regional Health Center.
17 June - Philippines - Eliseo Binoya
Eliseo ("Ely") Binoya, a radio commentator with Radyo Natin, was gunned down by unidentified assailants today outside of the port city General Santos, on the southern island of Mindanao. Binoya was on his way home this afternoon when he was ambushed by two gunmen on a motorcycle along a highway at the outskirts of the city. The assailants chased down Binoya, who was also riding a motorcycle, and shot him several times from behind. The shots killed him instantly, according to news reports. The gunmen then fled the scene.
According to local journalists, Binoya's assassination may have been tied to his pointed radio commentaries. The local police have launched an investigation.
22 June - Mexico - Francisco Ortiz Franco
Gunmen ambushed and killed a deputy director of a crusading Mexican newspaper Tuesday, the state attorney general's office. Baja California officials said that Francisco Ortiz Franco was with his children at the time, but they were unharmed.
The weekly, Zeta, has gained attention for its reporting on the influence of drug traffickers in Tijuana. The newspaper's co-founder Hector Felix Miranda was ambushed and killed April 20, 1988. Two men were convicted in the shooting.
In 1997, the newspaper's publisher, Jesus Blancornelas, was badly wounded in a gangland-style attack that killed his bodyguard and driver.
27 June - Bangladesh - Humayun Kabir Balu
Humayun Kabir Balu, president of the Khulna Press Club and editor of a local daily, the Janmabhumi, was killed in a bomb attack near the entrance of his newspaper office-cum-residence. He was 57. His eldest son Asif Kabir, 25, editor of a local evening daily, Rajpather Dabi, was injured in the incident.
Humayun Kabir Balu is the fifth newsman killed in Khulna district since 2001.
9 July - Russia - Pavel Khlebnikov
As Mr. Klebnikov left his office Friday night and headed toward a nearby metro station, a black Lada sedan approached. Quickly closing the distance, the car's windows were rolled down and one, perhaps two, guns emerged. Mr. Klebnikov was shot four times and died of chest wounds on the way to the hospital.
It was the kind of contract killing Paul Klebnikov had written about many times while covering Moscow's often nasty convergence of politics, commerce and crime. But this time, the Forbes Russia editor-in-chief was the victim.
11 July - Brazil - Jorge Lourenco dos Santos
Dos Santos was killed at about 7.30 p.m. [local time] outside his home in the town of Santana do Ipanema, 125 miles (200 km) from Maceio, Alagoas State capital, according to local press reports. A man shot Dos Santos four times and fled in a car. The journalist was taken to a local hospital but died shortly after arriving.
The 59-year-old Dos Santos owned the radio station Criativa FM, which was based in his home, and hosted a show in which he frequently criticized local politicians and businessmen. Local police have confirmed that the journalist had received death threats and had been the target of two attempted killings, according to the Maceio-based daily Gazeta de Alagoas. No suspects have been detained.
17 July - Russia - Payl Peloyan
The body of Payl Peloyan, editor of Armyanskiy Pereulok magazine [a Moscow arts magazine], was found on the 43rd kilometre of the Moscow ring road with knife wounds to the ribcage and bruising to the face. It is not clear if the killing is related to his work.
31 July - Philippines - Roger Mariano
Ilocos Norte—Police admitted on Monday that they have yet to establish the motive for the ambush-murder of the hard-hitting broadcast journalist, Roger Mariano, on the national highway in Barangay Barabar 22, San Nicolas.
Mariano was riding his motorcycle on his way home in Barangay Peralta in Dingras when he was ambushed.
Police recovered at least 16 empty shells of M-16 Armalite and carbine rifles at the scene of the crime.
Mariano was hit 4 times in the head and 11 times in the back, based on the autopsy report.
5 August - Philippines - Arnel Malano
Arnel Manalo, a correspondent for DZRH radio and local newspapers in Batangas, 100 kilometers (60 miles) south of Manila, was shot three times after dropping off his children at school.
9 August - Philippines - Jonathan Abayon
Radio broadcaster Jonathan Abayon, 27, who was shot in the southern city of General Santos on Sunday after an argument with the suspected gunman, died in hospital late yesterday, police said.
Superintendent Willie Dangane said authorities were hunting for the suspect in the Abayon shooting, an ex-army sergeant who was working as a bodyguard for Filipino world boxing champion Manny Pacquiao.
It was not clear if Abayon's shooting was related to his job, although co-workers of Abayon had said that there had been friction over his criticism over the radio of the boxing champ.